Developer’s Guide (xivo-confd)

xivo-confd resources are organised through a plugin mechanism. There are 2 main plugin categories:

Resource plugins
A plugin that manages a resource (e.g. users, extensions, voicemails, etc). A resource plugin exposes the 4 basic CRUD operations (Create, Read, Update, Delete) in order to operate on a resource in a RESTful manner.
Association plugins
A plugin for associating or dissociating 2 resources (e.g a user and a line). An association plugin exposes an HTTP action for associating (either POST or PUT) and another for dissociating (DELETE)

The following diagram outlines the most important parts of a plugin:


Plugin architecture of xivo-confd


Class that receives and handles HTTP requests. Resources use flask-restful for handling requests.

There are 2 kinds of resources: ListResource for root URLs and ItemResource for URLs that have an ID. ListResource will handle creating a resource (POST) and searching through a list of available resources (GET). ItemResource handles fetching a single item (GET), updating (PUT) and deleting (DELETE).


Class that handles business logic for a resource, such as what to do in order to get, create, update, or delete a resource. Service classes do not manipulate data directly. Instead, they coordinate what to do via other objects.

There are 2 kinds of services: CRUDService for basic CRUD operations in Resource plugins, and AssociationService for association/dissociation operations in Association plugins.

Data Access Object. Knows how to get data and how to manipulate it, such as SQL queries, files, etc.
Sends events after an operation has completed. An event will be sent in a messaging queue for each CRUD operation. Certain resources also need to send events to other daemons in order to reload some configuration data. (i.e. asterisk needs to reload the dialplan when an extension is updated)
Makes sure that a resource’s data does not contain any errors before doing something with it. A Validator can be used for validating input data or business rules.